## Pages

### Substitutions and Conversions

Farenheit to Celsius conversion chart

250 degrees F = 130 degrees C or Gas mark 1/2
275 degrees F = 140 degrees C or Gas mark 1
300 degrees F = 150 degrees C or Gas mark 2
325 degrees F = 160 degrees C or Gas mark 3
350 degrees F = 180 degrees C or Gas mark 4
375 degrees F = 190 degrees C or Gas mark 5
400 degrees F = 200 degrees C or Gas mark 6
425 degrees F = 220 degrees C or Gas mark 7
450 degrees F = 230 degrees C or Gas mark 8

1 egg

• = 1/2 tsp baking powder, if egg is used as a leavening agent
• = 1/4 cup unsweetened apple sauce, if egg is used to increase moisture
• = 1/2 ripe banana (ensure recipe contains baking powder to avoid a dense bake)
• = 1/4 cup purÃ©ed prunes / strawberries (with baking powder)
• = 1/4 cup yogurt (with baking powder )
• = 1/4 cup blended tofu
• = 1/4 cup  custard powder / cornstarch
• = 1 teaspoon baking soda + 1 tablespoon white or apple cider vinegar
• = Day old bread / breadcrumbs / chickpea flour where eggs act as binders
• = condensed milk (along with baking powder)
• = 1/4 cup mashed potatoes (in savoury dishes where eggs are binders)

Egg wash                 = milk, oil or butter

Butter

1 cup butter = 8 ounces (1 ounce = 28.34 g, so one cup of butter weighs 227)

1/4 cup of butter = 57 g
1/3 cup of butter = 76 g
1/2 cup of butter = 113 g

Sweetener
• 10g sugar = 1g Canderel
• 30 ml sugar = 1 1/2 tsp Canderel

Canned coconut milk, substitute as follows:
• For thick milk - use as they are direct from the can
• For medium milk - 1/2 cup water + 1 cup canned milk - makes 1.5 cups
• For thin milk - 1 1/2  cup water + 1 1/2 cup of canned milk - makes 3 cups
Coconut milk powder, substitute as follows:
• For thick milk - 3 tbsp powder + 1 cup of warm water - makes 1 cup
• For medium milk -  3 tbsp powder +1 1/2 cup of warm water + makes 1 1 /2 cups
• For thin milk - 3 tbsp powder + 3 cups of warm water + makes 3 cups
Tomato Equivalents

Fresh Tomatoes:

1 cherry tomato weights appx. 30g  and equals about 1 tablespoon.
25 to 30 cherry tomatoes = 2 cups chopped tomatoes.
1 plum tomato weighs appx. 60-90g and equals about 1/3 cup.
1 small tomato weights 90-150g and equals about 2/3 cup.
1 medium tomato weight 150-180g ounces and equals about 3/4 cup.
1 large tomato weighs 210g or more and equals about 1 1/4 cups..
500g fresh tomatoes = 3 cups pureed tomatoes.

Canned Tomatoes:

1 (400g, 16-ounce) can = 2 cups undrained tomatoes = 1 cup drained tomatoes.
1 (800g, 28-ounce) can = 3 cups undrained = 2 to 2 1/2 cups drained tomatoes.
1 (170g, 6-ounce) can tomato paste = 1/4 cup.

Apples:

a pound of whole apples will yield about 3 cups prepared apples.

1 tbsp cornstarch      = 2 tbsp flour (for thickening)
1 chocolate  square   = 3 tbsp cocoa + 1 tbsp butter
1 tsp baking powder = 1/4 tsp baking soda + 1/2 tsp cream of tartar
1 cup milk                 = 1/2 cup evaporated milk + 1/2 cup water
1 cup buttermilk       =  1 tsp lemon juice or vinegar + enough milk to make up to 1 cup
1 cup cake flour       = 7/8 cup all-purpose flour
1 clove garlic minced= 1/8 tsp garlic powder
1 tsp garlic salt          = 1/8 tsp garlic powder + 7/8 tsp salt
1 cup half-and Half  = 1 tbsp melted butter + enough whole milk to make up to 1 cup
1 cup honey             = 1 1/4 cups sugar + 1/4 cup water
1 tsp lemon juice      =  1/4 tsp cider vinegar
1 tsp lemon Peel       = 1/2 tsp lemon extract
1 cup molasses          = 1 cup honey
1 small onion chopped =  1 tsp onion powder
1 tbsp mustard paste   = 1/2 tsp mustard powder + 2 tsp vinegar
1 oz semisweet chocolate = 3 tbsp semisweet chocolate chips

Please do not borrow pictures without my permission. I may not find out but there is someone up there watching, and stealing doesnot go well in his court.

## Author

I'm Sherin, aka kukku.

An excited mum, a  responsible doctor , a friend's friend , a thankful daughter, a thankful sister and a passionate singer,  an enthusiastic cook, food writer and food photographer . That's me in a nut shell.

A doctor in my day job and a food writer and food photographer by night. I came in to cooking because of the people around me, be it the women in family who are amazing cooks or the men who luv to eat. My son is my best critic. :) Started cooking while I was at school, my first attempt being a sweetie, no surprise there for people who know me. I got interested in cooking more after marriage, as most girls do. My experiments with food blossomed after coming to the UK, where the grocery stores opened up a variety of foodie opportunities for my hungry tum.